Water Conservation Tips


Issued in public interest by Shimla Jal Prabandhan Nigam Limited (SJPNL)

Shimla Water Supply status

At present,daily water demand of Shimla city is more than 40 million litres. This demand will increase to 82 million liters per day by the year 2035 and by the year 2050, is estimated to reach 107 million liters per day. The water sources to meet this water demand is situated at about 1500 meters lower than the level of Shimla. So, the cost of collection, treatment, and transmission up to the taps of consumers is about Rs 125 per 1000 liters, which is highest in the country. On the present tariff structure, only 20% cost of collection, treatment, and transmission are recovered and 80% cost is borne by the Government of Himachal Pradesh. The citizens of Shimla must use water efficiently and effectively. As every drop matters and they should use less and save more.

Water conservation

Water conservation refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes like cleaning, manufacturing, agriculture etc. The most important step in the direction of finding solutions to issue of water conservation is to change people’s attitudes and habits (this includes each one of us.). Conserve water because it is the right thing to do and need of the hour. We can follow some simple tips that are listed below to contribute to water conservation:

Ways to Conserve

There are a number of ways to save water, and they all start with you.


  • When washing dishes by hand, don’t let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water.
  • Run your washing machine and dishwasher only when they are full. You can save up to 1,000 gallons (approx. 4000 litres) a month.
  • Store backwash water from RO filters. This water can be used for flushing, floor cleaning and irrigation.


  • Wash your fruits and vegetables in a pan of water instead of running water from the tap.
  • Collect the water you use for rinsing fruits and vegetables, then reuse it to water house plants.
  • Use a broom instead of a hose to clean your driveway and sidewalk and save water every time.
  • We’re more likely to notice leaks indoors, but don’t forget to check outdoor faucets, sprinklers, and hoses for leaks. Put food color in your toilet tank. If it seeps into the toilet bowl without flushing, it indicates that there is a leak. Fix it to save 1,000 gallons (approx. 4000 litres) a month.
  • Shorten your shower by a minute or two and you’ll save up to 150 gallons (approx. 600 liters) per month.
  • Don’t use running water to thaw food. Defrost food in the refrigerator for water efficiency and food safety.
  • When doing laundry, match the water level to the size of the load.
  • Remember to check your sprinkler system valves periodically for leaks and keep the sprinkler heads in good shape.
  • Turn off the water while brushing your teeth and save 25 gallons (approx. 100 liters) a month.
  • If your toilet flapper doesn’t close after flushing, replace it.
  • Make sure there are water-saving aerators on all of your faucets.
  • Make sure your swimming pools, fountains, and ponds are equipped with recirculating pumps.
  • Clean your car with wet cloth instead of washing with pipe.
  • If your toilet was installed before 1992, reduce the amount of water used for each flush by inserting a displacement device such as water dispenser in the tank.
  • Washing dark clothes in cold water saves both water and energy. It helps your clothes to keep their colors.
  • A way to get eight glasses of water a day is to re-use the water left over from cooked or steamed foods to make a scrumptious and nutritious soup.
  • Wash your pets outdoors in an area of your lawn that needs water.
  • Turn off the water while you shave and save up to 300 gallons (approx. 1200 liters) a month.
  • For hanging baskets, planters and pots, place ice cubes under the moss or dirt to give your plants a cool drink of water and help eliminate water overflow.
  • Have your plumber re-route your grey water to trees and gardens rather than letting it run off.


  • Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street.
  • Choose shrubs and groundcovers instead of turf for hard-to-water areas such as steep slopes and isolated strips.
  • Water your lawn and garden in the morning or evening when temperatures are cooler to minimize evaporation.
  • Spreading a layer of organic mulch around plants retains moisture and saves water, time and money.
  • If water runs off your lawn easily, split your watering time into shorter periods to allow for better absorption.
  • Use sprinklers for large areas of grass. Water small patches by hand to avoid waste.
  • Collect water from your roof to water your garden.
  • Use drip irrigation for shrubs and trees to apply water directly to the roots where it’s needed.
  • Reduce the amount of lawn in your yard by planting shrubs and ground covers appropriate to your site and region.
  • Don’t water your lawn on windy days when most of the water blows away or evaporates.
  • Water your plants deeply but less frequently to encourage deep root growth and drought tolerance.
  • Group plants with the same watering need together to avoid overwatering some while underwatering others.
  • Direct water from rain gutters toward water-loving plants in the landscape for automatic water savings.

Small Investments that can pay off

  • If your shower fills a one-gallon (approx. 4 litres) bucket in less than 20 seconds, replace the showerhead with a water-efficient model.
  • When buying new appliances, consider those that offer cycle and load size adjustments. They’re more water and energy efficient.
  • Upgrade older toilets with water efficient models.
  • Grab a wrench and fix that leaky faucet. It’s simple, inexpensive, and you can save 140 gallons (approx. 560 litres) a week.
  • Use a water-efficient showerhead. They’re inexpensive, easy to install, and can save 750 gallons (approx. 3000 litres) a month.

Teach your community

Just as it is important to conserve water in your own home, it isimportant to help our towns and cities save water by teaching others to use water wisely.
  • Whenever, wherever you notice leakages in in water supply systems immediately inform the field offices on numbers provided at Annexure A.
  • Teach your children to turn off faucets tightly after each use.
  • Encourage your school system and local government to develop and promote water conservation among children and adults.
  • Make suggestions to your employer about ways to save water and money at work.
  • Share water conservation tips with friends and neighbours.


  • Use I.S.I. marked pipes and fittings.
  • All fittings and works should be done through qualified plumbers only. SJPNL has registered plumbers to facilitate the citizens. The list is at Annexure B.
  • All fittings/pipes, from connection points onwards, should be checked periodically to detect leakages /contamination.
  • Old and rusted service pipes must be replaced immediately to avoid contamination of water/damage to the building and wastage of water.
  • To avoid overflow and wastage of water, Ball Cocks should be provided in Over Head/Underground tanks.
  • All leakages should be plugged immediately.
  • Storage tanks should be cleaned and disinfected periodically.
  • Water container should be kept clean and covered.
  • Small size flush cisterns with regulatory mechanism for release of water should be used.
  • Conserve water, as every drop of drinking water is precious.
  • Adopt rain water harvesting systems in your home / office / buildings / schools / commercial building.
  • Keep water bodies clean and green


  • Never use booster pumps directly on service pipe to avoid contamination of water due to suction.
  • Water line should not pass through sewer manhole or open drain.
  • Water from damaged hydrants should not be used.
  • Don’t use potable water for washing of floor / cars / animals and gardening etc

Efforts by Shimla Jal Prabandhan Nigam Limited (SJPNL) for improvement of Shimla Water Supply

Shimla Jal Prabandhan Nigam Limited (SJPNL)is solely responsible for the water and sewerage services in the greater Shimla area. SJPNL has planned following activities to improve Water Supply & Sewerage situation in Greater Shimla Area (GSA)
  1. Augmentation of water supply from Satluj to improve the total availability of water upto 82 MLD, by 2021 and further upto 107 MLD by 2035.
  2. Improvement in water distribution in Shimla with the aim to shift from intermittent supply to continuous water supply system.
    1. Introduction of Block volumetric tariff to incentivise consumers for judicious usage and hence water conservation
    2. Universal coverage of water , to every household
    3. Accountability and responsiveness to citizens.
  3. Extension of sewerage network to provide coverage to every household
  4. Sewage collection and distribution in peri-urban areas.